The Concept of Physical Therapy and How it Works

The Concept of Physical Therapy and How it Works

Nov 01, 2020

Persons who have studied movement as a part of science are known as physiotherapists. Both physiotherapists and chiropractors can pinpoint the root causes of injuries and help patients manage their pain. Physical rehabilitation, joint mobilization, and manipulation are some of the techniques used in this therapy.

If you have sustained an injury that’s causing chronic pain or has affected your mobility, experts at ChiroPro recommend seeing a chiropractor near you for an evaluation.

Issues Addressed by This Form of Therapy

Physical therapy focuses on injury rehabilitation and prevention. It addresses problems that result from diseases, injuries, or disabilities like:

  • Back pain and neck pain that develops when one has a skeletal or muscle problem
  • Disability caused by heart problems
  • Ligaments, muscles, bones, and joint problems caused by arthritis and amputation
  • Pelvic issues
  • Fatigue, pain, stiffness, swelling, and weak muscles linked to palliative care or cancer treatment
  • Lung problems
  • A specific range of motion loss

What Happens During a Physio Session?

During your first session, your care provider will assess the extent and nature of your problem. This is likely to involve several tests and observations. Your therapist may ask you to perform specific exercises or walk around for him/her to identify your issues. You will also be requested to provide information about your general health for your practitioner to determine any pre-existing condition. Before a treatment plan is made, notify your physiotherapist of any phobias or allergies that you may have that will help him/her come up with suitable treatment methods for your case.

The Different Forms of Physiotherapy

Physical therapy is a practice that has been there for years and is known to be transformative, no matter what the situation is. For this reason, patients are advised to take advantage and try it whenever they can. Here are some of its different practices that you will receive at a physiotherapy clinic near you.

  1. Pediatric Therapy

Our bodies grow fast during childhood, and it’s during this phase, kids try to learn new stuff. Unfortunately, some sustain injuries while on their explorations. Such injuries can negatively affect the rest of a child’s life, especially if its severe and no sufficient treatment has been administered. Such cases led to pediatric therapy development to help babies, children, and adolescents overcome such problems and rebuild their skeletal and muscular strength.

  1. Vestibular Rehabilitation

Vestibular rehabilitation helps treat inner ear conditions that are debilitating and cause loss of balance. It teaches patients how to master the art of balance and make muscles steadier.

  1. Geriatric Therapy

Our muscles weaken with time due to aging or using muscles in unhealthy ways like bad postures. Geriatric therapy teaches methods that we can implement to use our muscles more efficiently to prevent injuries.

  1. Pulmonary/cardiovascular Physical Therapy

This therapy is for people who have severe pulmonary or cardiovascular problems. These are diseases that affect the heart or blood circulation, such as pulmonary fibrosis or heart attack.

  1. Orthopedic

In case you sustained an injury that robbed you of your ability to use specific muscles, orthopedic therapy will help you recover your muscle strength back.

  1. Neurological

Neurological problems like multiple sclerosis, stroke, Parkinson’s, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s, and brain/spinal injuries affect your nervous system, altering how effectively the brain controls the body. Although most of these issues tend to be chronic, physical therapy has proved to be sufficient in managing them.

A Must-Do List After a Physio Session

  • Do what your physiotherapist tells you to.
  • Keep your body hydrated.
  • Do regular exercises.
  • Notify your therapist if you note unusual pain.

How to Know If the Treatment is Working?

The main goal of physiotherapy is to restore function and optimize movement. As you progress with your treatment, your therapist will keep checking for improvement signs to know whether the therapy is working. This will be determined by:

  • Conducting objective tests – Hard data depicting the range of strength and flexibility in a patient can be used to shed some light on the patient’s progress.
  • Survey questionnaires and patient-based feedback – The feedback given by patients as they respond to the survey questions helps practitioners create an improvement report.
  • Assessing functional movement – Therapists will use various functional assessment tests to measure your level of improvement. You may be asked to run, squat, jump, or lunge, among other activities.

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